Qur’an: 17 July 2014 (18 Ramadan 1435)

English Translation of Al-Quran

[31].Surah Luqman [Luqman]

Ayat 1. AlifLamMim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings.]

Ayat 2. These are Verses of the Wise Book (the Qur’an).

Ayat 3. A guide and a mercy for the Muhsinun (good doers).

Tafseer of Surah Luqman, this Surah contain 34 Ayats (4 Rukus) Tafseer of Ayat 1 to 3. A. L. M. (For these Abbreviated Letters, the Muqatta’at, on which a general discussion will be found in Appendix I (at the end of this Surah). The particular letters, Alif, Lam, Mim, are found prefixed to this Surah, and Surahs 3, 29, 30, 31 and 32 (six in all). In 2 and 3 the argument is about the rise and fall of nations, their past, and their future in history, with ordinances for the new universal people of Islam. In Surah 29 a similar argument about nations leads off to the mystery of Life and Death, Failure and Triumph, past and Future, in the history of individual souls. The burden of 30 is that Allah is the source of all things and all things return to Him. In 31 and 32 the same lesson is enforced: Allah is the Creator and He will be the Judge on the Last Day. There is therefore a common thread, the mystery of Life and Death, Beginning and End. Much has been written about the meaning of these letters, but most of it is pure conjecture. Some commentators are content to recognize them as some mystic symbols of which it is unprofitable to discuss the meaning by more verbal logic. We are asked to contrast, in our present life the real inner life against the outer life, and learn from the past about the struggles of the soul which uphold Allah’s Truth, against the environment of evil which resists it, and to turn our thoughts to the Ma’ad, or man’s future destiny in the Hereafter. 2. These are Verses of the Wise Book, This Surah relates to Wisdom and the Qur’an is appropriately called the Wise Book, or the Book of Wisdom. In verse 12 of this Surah there is a reference to Luqman the Wise. "Wise" in this sense (Hakim) means not only a man versed in knowledge human and divine, but one carrying out in practical conduct ( ‘amat) the right course in life to the utmost of his power. His knowledge is correct and practical, but not necessarily complete: for no man is perfect. Such an ideal involves the conception of a man of heroic action as well as of deep and workmanlike knowledge of nature and human nature-not merely dreams or speculation. That ideal was fulfilled in a most remarkable degree in the Prophet, and in the sacred Book which was revealed through him. "The Wise Book" (Al-Kitab Al-Halum) is one of the title of the Qur’an. 3. A Guide and a Mercy to the Doers of Good, A guide to all, and, to those who accept its guidance, a source of mercy leading them to Salvation.


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